Our mouth contains naturally occurring flora (a system of microorganisms) that actually serve to protect us.
However, due to factors such as poor oral hygiene, the fine balance of this oral flora can be tipped, leading to an excess of gum disease causing bacteria. This bacteria is found in dental plaque and tartar (calculus) that builds up without proper brushing and flossing.
There are several factors that contribute to the risk of contracting gum disease. This includes
- Poor oral hygiene
- Systemic diseases such as diabetes
- Certain medications